General information about Infertility

Infertility, whether male or female, is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the inability of a couple to achieve conception or bring a pregnancy to term after a year or more of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse.

According to the WHO, between 8 and 10% of couples worldwide are unable to conceive a child and a further 10 - 25% experience secondary infertility i.e. are unable to conceive a second or subsequent child. About 15% of couples of childbearing age seek medical help for infertility, usually after about two years of failing to conceive. Among these couples, infertility is exclusively a problem in the female in about 30 - 40% of cases, exclusively in the man in about 30 - 40% - of cases. In 15 - 30% of cases, both partners have detectable abnormalities. After thorough medical examinations, the causes of infertility remain unexplained in 5-10% of couples. WHO believes that around 60 - 80 million couples in the world are infertile.

Becoming pregnant is not that easy even for people who do not have fertility problems. Humans beings are one of the least fertile creatures on earth. There is only a fairly short time within the menstrual cycle when conception is possible, making the chances of conception only 15 -20% each months. It is estimated that 10% of normally fertile couples fail to conceive within their first year of attempt and 5% after two years.

General infertility information

Coping with Infertility:

Infertility is a crisis of the deepest kind. It threatens many aspects of a couple's life - not only the partners' relationship to each other, but it also affects them individually and their relationship with friends and family.

Infertility therapy is now highly successful; with pregnancy rates obtained with most treatment are comparable to natural pregnancy rates. For those couples who do not become pregnant after several treatment cycles, the decision to continue treatment is made depending on their individual wishes and needs consultation and counseling with medical experts, so that a correct decision is made.
Management of infertility includes both the physical and emotional care of the couple. Therefore, support from physicians, nurses and all people involved in treating the infertile couple is essential to help them to cope with the various aspects of their condition. Offering counseling and contact with other infertile couples and patient associations can provide help outside the medical environment.

Every couple that face infertility problem have several queries in their minds to be answered

  • What can be done to treat our probrlem?
  • What are the reasons for failing to conceive?
  • What if our worst fears of being Infertile are confirmed?
  • What are the propects of us conceiving a child?

There could be various male & female factors involved in causing infertility. The investigations done should answer four basic infertility evaluation questions.

  • Is there a sperm problem?
  • Is there a problem with ovulation?
  • Can the egg & sperm unite?
  • Can implantation occur & be maintained?

So do not hesitate to ask your doctor for any doubts that you have. Please go through the book & at any stage you fail to understand a particular thing, you are welcome to discuss.

When should we seek medical assistance for infertility?

In general, it is appropriate to see a physician for infertility after 12 months of trying to get pregnant on your own.

Age is an important factor. For example, if you are only 25 years old and feel that you want to give it more time to occur naturally. If you are more than 35 years, you may also want to seek help in less than 12 months.

It is appropriate for women 40 and older to see a fertility specialist if not pregnant after 3-6 months of trying. A high percentage of women over 40 will need help in order to conceive.

If you have a condition that predisposes to infertility, - irregular menstrual cycle, endometriosis, previous tubal pregnancy, polycystic ovary syndrome, pelvic infection, previous history of tubercuosis or male factor it is better to seek help earlier.

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Dr. Patil’s Fertility and Endoscopy Clinic

Center for Assisted Reproductive Technology, Endoscopic Surgery and Andrology

No 1, Uma Admirality, First Floor, Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore - 560029
Ph: 080 - 41201357, 41462419 Mobile: 9945221622

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