Female Infertility - Treatment Options

Treatment of Infertility

Today, there is a wide range of medical help that can be offered to infertile couples. In the past five to ten years, there has been an explosion of new information about infertility and great advances in fertility treatment. These new therapies include advances in hormonal treatment, a wider acceptance of donor insemination, the development of intrauterine insemination (IUI) and advances in microsurgery and laser surgery. However, the most important advances have been made in assisted reproductive technologies (ART). ART includes in vitro fertilization (IVF), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Progress has also been made in understanding the psychosocial impact of infertility and in helping couples to manage their worries and emotions through contact with other infertile couples, support groups and counseling.

The inability to conceive is generally the result of some degree of subfertility. 'Infertility' can therefore often be overcome. In some cases, surgical correction may be appropriate; in others referral for hormonal treatment or ART may be required. Even in the most extreme cases, where the woman has a premature menopause or the man has a complete lack of sperm, solutions such as sperm and egg (oocyte) donation can be considered.

However, society seems ambivalent about accepting infertility as a legitimate health problem. In India, a provision for infertility treatment is often limited by financial constraint or subject to marked regional variations in availability and/or accessibility to ART centers. The use of donor eggs or sperm has created great concern and is still matters of heated debate and the use of some forms of ART, such as cryopreservation, has been questioned. Cryopreservation is accepted in some countries but banned in others. Probably no other medical procedures have been subject to such intense religious, moral and social scrutiny as those of assisted reproduction.

The couple should be fully involved in decisions regarding their treatment after understanding completely their problem & discussing with the doctor the modalities of treatment & chance of conception with each modality.

Female Infertility - Treatment Options

Several options for treatment are offered to patients depending on the type of infertility diagnosed. The vast majority of female patients are successfully treated with the administration of drugs such as clomiphene citrate, gonadotropins or bromocriptine. Surgery can also be a means to repair damage to the reproductive organs such as those caused by endometriosis and infectious diseases.

The main approaches to the treatment of female infertility are

  • Ovulation Induction (OI)
  • Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART)
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF)
  • Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)
  • Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT)


» Treatment Options
» Male Infertility
» Ovulation Induction
» Endometriosis
» ART
» Cryopreservation
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Dr. Patil’s Fertility and Endoscopy Clinic

Center for Assisted Reproductive Technology, Endoscopic Surgery and Andrology

No 1, Uma Admirality, First Floor, Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore - 560029
Ph: 080 - 41201357, 41462419 Mobile: 9945221622
E-Mail: drpatilsclinic@gmail.com

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